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Saint Augustine
Albuquerque's Old Town Plaza

Old Town Albuquerque Plaza GazeboUntil approximately 1780, the villa farming community, now known as Albuquerque, had no plaza or recognizable feature except for the church. For protection from raiding Apache and Comanche Indians, residents built homes and placitas around a defensible center which today is known as the Old Town Plaza.

The focal point of the tree shaded Spanish plaza is a tan and white gazebo which is a popular place for weddings, musical performances and just hanging out on warm summer nights.

Flying high above the gazebo are the five flags flown over Albuquerque since its founding.

Spain’s flag of red and white with a lion was the first to fly over the Spanish territory when Don Francisco Cuervo y Valdez, the territory’s provisional governor, petitioned the crown for permission to establish the new Villa de Albuquerque in the area in 1706.
Old Town Albuquerque Flags
In 1821, Mexico declared its independence from Spain and raised the green, white and red flag of Mexico which flew from 1821 to 1846.

Clashes between Mexican forces and United States troops after the United States annexed the Texas Republic in 1845 led to a declaration of war with Mexico in 1846. Within two years, New Mexico was declared a U.S. Territory.

Except for a 39 day period in 1862 when General Henry H. Sibley and his Texas volunteers raised the Confederate flag after they occupied Albuquerque during the Civil War, the flag of the United States has flown in the Old Town plaza since 1846.

In addition to the flags of Spain, Mexico, and the Confederate, the yellow state flag of New Mexico with its red Zia Indian symbol waves in the breeze beside the flag of the United States.

Also on the plaza are two replicas of cannons which were buried by retreating Confederate troops during a Civil War skirmish on April 8 – 9, 1862. The original cannons are in the Albuquerque Museum.

If you're looking for a good choice of nearby hotels with discount prices, visit Where to stay in Albuquerque for more information.

Next stop on Old Town Walking Tour
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