The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page.
Saint Augustine

Peru Fast Facts

Formal Name
Republic of Perú



Country Flag

Flag Description: three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in

the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna, cinchona tree (the source of quinine),
and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath.


Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador


1 nuevo sol = 100 céntimos

Time Zone

GMT - 5 hours. No daylight savings time in 2008


220 Volts, alternating at 60 cycles per second

Country Code

total: 1,285,220 sq km
land: 1.28 million sq km
water: 5,220 sq km

Political System
Constitutional Republic
29,180,900 (July 2008 est.)

Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages


Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, other Christian 0.7%, other 0.6%, unspecified or none 16.3% (2003 est.)

Life Expectancy

total population: 70.44 years
male: 68.61 years
female: 72.37 years (2008 est.)


A tourist visa is not required


total population: 87.7%
male: 93.5%
female: 82.1% (2004 est.)


1700 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036;
(202) 833-9860;

Entrance/Exit Requirements

A valid passport is required to enter and depart Peru. Tourists must also provide evidence of return or onward travel. An international flight airport fee, payable in U.S. or local currency and assessed on a per-person basis, must be paid when departing Peru. There are also separate airport taxes for domestic flights charged at most domestic airports that must be paid before emba
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